Validating the intel pentium 4 microprocessor
Scalar and vector fields, Curves, Arc length, Tangent, Directional Derivative, Gradient of scalar field, divergence and curl of a vector field, Line integrals (independent of path), Greens theorem, Divergence theorem and Stokes theorem (without proofs), Surface Integrals.
Types of polarization, elliptically and circularly polarized light Brewsters law, Malus Law, Nicol prism, double refraction, quarter-wave and half-wave plates, optical activity, specific rotation, Laurent half shade polarimeter.
Water: Specification for water, Analysis of water-Alkalinity, harness and its determination (EDTA Method only), water for domestic use, Water-softening-Lime-Soda process, Ion-exchangers polished water, Boiled-feed water, boiler problems-scale, sludge, priming and foaming, caustic embrittlement and corrosion, their causes and prevention, removal of silice, removal of dissolved gases, carbonates phosphate conditioning, colloidal conditioning, Calgon treatment, conditioning, Numerical problems of Alkalinity, hardness Lime-Soda process and EDTA method.
Fuels: Definition and classification, combustion and chemical principles involved in it.
Recommended Books: Introduction: Overview of computer organization and historical perspective computer applications in various fields of science and management.
Data representation: Number systems, character representation codes, Binary, hex, octal codes and their inter conversions.
Binary arithmetic, Floating point arithmetic, signed and unsigned numbers.
Mathematical Preliminaries, Formulation of the Problem and Solution by Graphical method, The simplex Method, Dual problem formulation and Solution, Application to Transportation and Assignment Problems. Switching technologies, multiplexing, circuit switching, packet switching X.25, frame relax, SMDs ATM, B-ISDN, traffic matrix, traffic pattern calculations, performance issues of packet networks, delay, availability and reliability Campus network design, leased line and radio modems, DDR & ISDN Access Network design, X.25 remote access network design, Frame-relay interfaces & traffic shaping VSAT & WLAN network design. Telecommunications transmission : Basic Switching System, Simple Tele-phone Communication, evolution of switching systems -Stroger swithching systems, cross bar switching , Electronic Switching Space Division Switching, Time Division Switching Time Division space switching, Time Division Time Switching, Time multiplexed space switching, Time multiplexed Time Switching, Combination Switching.Coherence and coherent sources, interference by division of wave front (youngs double slit experiment, Fresnels biprism), interference by division of amplitude (thin films, Newtons rings, Michelsons interferometer, Fabry Perot interferometer) 7 hrs.(Fresnel and Fraunhofer types of diffraction) Fraunhofer diffraction: Single slit, double slit, circular aperture and N-slit, diffraction wavelength determination, resolving power and dispersive power, Fresnel Diffraction: Zone plate, circular aperture, opaque circular disc, narrow slit. Introduction, coherence, Einstein A and B coefficients, population inversion, basic principle and operation of a laser, type of lasers, He-Ne laser, Ruby laser semiconductor laser, holography theory and applications. Introduction to optical fibre, types of optical fibres and their characteristics, (Attenuation and dispersion step index and graded index fibres, principle of fibre optic communicationtotal internal reflection, numerical aperture, fibre optical communication network (qualitative) its advantages. Absolute and Inertial frames of reference, Galenlian transformations, Michelson-Morley experiment, the postulates of the special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, time dilation, length contraction, velocity addition, mass energy equivalence 5 hrs.The student will have to present the progress of the work through seminars and progress reports.The student will submit a synopsis at the beginning of the semester for approved from the departmental committee in a specified format.